Piles: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Piles, also called hemorrhoids, are inflamed and swollen veins in the rectum and or anus. They are characterized by discomfort or even intense pain that impairs an individual’s functioning. Knowing the factors that lead to this condition, the signs, and the treatments that can be taken should also be known. 

Causes of Piles:

Several factors can contribute to the development of piles, including:Several factors can contribute to the development of piles, including: 

  1. Straining during bowel movements 
  2. Chronic constipation or diarrhea 
  3. Pregnancy and childbirth 
  4. Aging 
  5. Obesity 
  6. Prolonged sitting or standing 

Such circumstances cause pressure on the veins within the rectum and the anus that in turn results in their swelling and irritation. To know the piles operation cost in Pakistan visit a surgeon at your earliest.

Symptoms of Piles:

The symptoms of piles are recognized by the severity of the ailment and even though both the internal and external piles do not cause any pain it is advisable not to endure the pains associated with piles as they indicate the extent of the ailment. Common symptoms include: 

  1. Bleeding during bowel movements 
  2. Burning or stinging sensation towards or around the anus 
  3. Inflammation or enlargement of the buttock particularly around the anus 
  4. As for the symptoms, the itching or irritation near the anal area should be noted. 
  5. Passage of mucus from the rectum 

It is noteworthy to mention that in certain circumstances, piles do not manifest any signs or symptoms and this include the initial stages of the disease. 

Types of Piles:

Piles can be classified into two main types based on their location:Piles can be classified into two main types based on their location: 

  1. Internal Piles: These take place within the rectum and may not always be noticeable unless they move through the anal opening. 
  2. External Piles: These develop under skin on the area surrounding the anus and can be seen and felt. 

Treatments for Piles 

The management of piles is based on the extent of the disease and the nature of the symptoms manifested by the patient. Here are some common treatment options:Here are some common treatment options: 

Home Remedies and Lifestyle Changes:

 – Taking more fiber rich foods and also ensuring that one takes more water in order to avoid constipation. 

 – Taking powders, creams or suppositories with symptoms that have been bought without prescription 

 – Ruining warm sitz baths to help decrease inflammation and pain 

Medical Treatments: 

 – Prescription medications: Creams or suppositories of corticosteroids may be used to bring down inflammation and pain. 

 – Rubber band ligation: In this process the hemorrhoid is isolated and a rubber band applied to it to cut off its blood supply and thus shrinks and drops off. 

 – Sclerotherapy: This encompasses administering a special chemical solution to the hemorrhoid with a sole aim of minimizing its size. 

Surgical Treatments: 

 – Hemorrhoidectomy: It entails the surgical excision of the haemorrhoidal tissue. 

 – Stapled hemorrhoidopexy: A form of treatment that requires the surgeon to reposition the hemorrhoid tissue back into the anal canal then staples it. 

Surgical procedures are usually done when other methods have failed, or the condition has advanced to a stage that it requires surgery. 

Prevention and Management:

While piles can be uncomfortable, there are several steps you can take to prevent their occurrence or manage existing symptoms:

To avoid constipation, incorporate a high fiber diet and be sure to drink sufficient water at the right time. 

  1. Do not try to pass stools when too strained and do not sit or stand for long hours respectively. 
  2. Take an active form of exercise that will help in the frequency and movement of bowels as well as circular. 
  3. Reduce body weight since Obesity tends to increase the pressure on the rectal veins. 
  4. Consult a doctor if symptoms intensify or endure for more than ten days.

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